On Myths, Religion and Innocence

Everybody knows that human societies have long been organized hierarchically, and many people in fact believe that complex societies require this. But what most will not know is that there is a great deal of evidence that suggests that institutionalized hierarchy is very much a late-comer to human evolution, and that this became the dominant mode only after a very long period in which women and men cooperated to maintain a rough (if violent) egalitarianism, with this egalitarian period being instrumental to our evolution into the big-brained apes that we are today (and that neanderthals also were).